CONTENTS

I. Intro....................................................................... 2 II. Semantic, Morphological and Syntactic Properties………………………………………………... three or more 1 . Semantic Properties………………………………….. several 2 . Morphological Properties……………………………. 4 1 . Base adjectives…………………………………. 4 2 . Produced adjectives………………………………5 a few. Compound adjectives…………………………... 6 four. Degrees of comparison…………………………. 8 3. Syntactic Properties…………………………………. 10 3. Subclasses of adjectives………………………………... doze 1 . Relative adjectives……………………………………12 2 . Qualitative adjectives……………………………….... 13 several. Substantivized adjectives…………………………….. 14 four. Statives……………………………………………….. 15 IV. Bottom line …………………………………………….... seventeen V. Useful Part …………………………………………... 19 NI. Bibliography…………………………………………….. 21 years old VII. Appendix…………………………………………………22

INTRODUCTION

The whole of the The english language vocabulary is definitely subdivided in eleven regions of speech; in point of fact, eight are notional words and phrases which make up the largest portion of the vocabulary and five happen to be " function words", comparatively few in actual volume of items, although used very frequently. Adjectives would be the third significant class of words in English, following nouns and verbs, therefore I think that part of speech is merited detailed thought. Thus the objective of my homework is to examine the adjectives as the notional a part of speech. A great adjective is actually a word which in turn expresses the attributes of substances (good, fresh, easy, smooth, loud, hard, wooden, and flaxen). Being a class of lexical terms adjectives will be identified by way of a ability to load the position among noun-determiner and noun and the position after having a copula-verb and a nommer. As the other parts of speech qualificative has:

1 ) Special that means (semantic properties);

2 . Kind (morphological properties);

3. Function (syntactic properties).

All the adjectives are usually divided into subclasses: 1 . Qualitative adjectives,

installment payments on your Relative adjectives,

3. Substantivised adjectives,

some. Statives.

This coursework can perform the detailed information of the real estate and subclasses of the adjectives, including cases.

SEMANTIC, MORPHOLOGICAL AND SYNTACTIC PROPERTIES

I. Semantic Homes

The adjective conveys the categorial semantics of property of your substance. It indicates that each epithete used in the written text presupposes regards to some noun the property of whose referent it denotes, such as the material, shade, dimensions, placement, state, and also other characteristics equally permanent and temporary. That follows out of this that, unlike nouns, adjectives do not possess a full nominative benefit. Indeed, words like very long, hospitable, fragrant cannot effect any self-dependent nominations; because units of informative sequences they are present only in collocations showing what is long, who is hospitable, what is great smelling. The semantically bound character of the epithete is emphasised in The english language by the use of the prop-substitute one out of the a shortage of the notional head-noun from the phrase. E. g.: My spouse and i don't require a yellow balloon, let me have green a single over there. On the other hand, if the adjective is placed in a nominatively self-dependent position, this leads to the substantivisation. Electronic. g.: Outside the house it was a beautiful day, plus the sun tinged the snow with reddish. Cf.: Direct sunlight tinged the snow with the red color.

II. Morphological properties

As is well-known, it has not number, nor case, nor gender distinctions. Some adjectives have, yet , degrees of comparability, which make section of the morphological system of a language. Thus, the English adjective differs materially not only by such extremely inflected different languages as Russian, Latin, and German, where adjectives possess a rather difficult system of varieties, but possibly from Contemporary French, which includes preserved...